Appendix 1 -
The Hebrew spelling of the Lord's Name
The Hebrew spelling of
the name Jesus Christ has an interesting history. The
Greek name IhsouV comes to us ultimately from the
Hebrew name Joshua. In Hebrew, Joshua could be spelt in three
- The oldest form of
the name appears to be . This name has a CV of 397, and
includes the double vav. The second vav seems to have
been edited out at a later date, its former presence
eventually represented by the kibbuts vowel sound.
Examples of other Hebrew names that received similar
treatment include Jeduthun,, and Zebulun, .
- The second form of
the name is that wherein the second vav has been deleted,
form has a CV of 391, and appears to be the most commonly
used form of the name Joshua contemporaneous with the
advent of the Lord.
- The third form of
the name is the abridged version, pronounced
as Yeshua, which has a CV of 386. This version of the
name was also in use at the time of the Lord's first
- In post-exilic
times, the forms and were regarded as equivalent. Evidence from
the Scriptures can be seen in that the same high priest
Joshua has his name spelt as in the books of Ezra and
Nehemiah; and as in the books of Haggai and Zechariah.
- Furthermore, we
learn from Thayer's Greek lexicon - in his etymology of
the name Jesus - that later writers gave the name the
force of .
This is the same spelling as for the Hebrew word
'salvation' - as at Isaiah 26:1 - and also has a CV of
The Lord's title of
Christ is a little more straightforward in Hebrew. CristoV (Christos) is the Septuagint
form of the Hebrew word (Mashiach), meaning 'anointed'. has a CV of 358, and
appears in this form in the book of Daniel, chapter 9, where it
is translated as 'Messiah'. Using the article, becomes (haMashiach), which
has a CV of 363. This form appears in one of the high priest's
(haKohen haMashiach), as at Leviticus 4:3. This latter title, , is that generally
used by believing Jews.
The value of 754 is
obtained from the form
This appears to be the most likely Hebrew form contemporaneous to
the advent of the Lord.
[Please note: concerning the rendering of
the Hebrew names above, the characters that normally extend below
the level of the printed line have been raised slightly to
achieve neatness of presentation.]